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Personal Health Awareness
· Decimus Iunius Iuvenalis, known as Juvenal (1st – 2nd Century AD): “Mens sana in corpore sano” (a healthy mind in a healthy body).
Over time and separated from its context, the phrase has come to have a range of meanings. It can be construed to mean that only a healthy body can produce or sustain a healthy mind. Its most general usage is to express the concept of a healthy balance in one’s mode of life.
· Plutarch [46-120] : “Each person ought neither to be unacquainted with the perculiarities of his own pulse, nor ignorant of any idiosyncracy which his body has…For the man…is but a blind and deaf tenant in his own body, who…gets his knowledge from another, and must enquire of his physician…” Moralia, “Advice About Keeping Well”
· Paracelsus [1493-1541]: “Let no one who can be his own, belong to another.” (Alterius non sit qui suus esse potest.) (Motto on various woodcuts of Paracelsus and on title pages of several of his books.)
· Sir Francis Bacon [1561-1626]: “There is a wisdom in this beyond the rules of physic: a man’s own observation, what he finds good of, is the best physic to preserve health.” Essays, “Of Regiment of Health”
· Thomas Jefferson [1743-1826]: “No knowledge can be more satisfactory to a man than that of his own frame, its parts, their functions and actions.” (Letter to Dr Thomas Cooper, October 7 1814)
· Thomas Carlyle [1795-1881]. “The healthy know not of their health, but only the sick: this is the Physician’s Aphorism.” Characteristics
· Herbert Spencer [1820-1903]: “The preservation of health is a duty. Few seem conscious that there is such a thing as physical morality.” Cited in Strauss: Familiar Medical Quotations
· John Steinbeck [1902-1968]: “The medical profession is unconsciously irritated by lay knowledge.” East of Eden, Ch. 54
· Sir William Osler [1849-1919]:  Our mission is of the highest and of the noblest kind, not alone in curing disease but in educating the people in the laws of health…” Aequanimitas, with Other Addresses, “Teaching and Thinking”
· Thomas McKeown [1912-1988]: The requirements of health can be stated simply. Those fortunate enough to be born free of significant congenital disease or disability will remain well if three basic needs are met: they must be adequately fed; they must be protected from a wide range of hazards in the environment; and they must not depart radically from the pattern of personal behaviour under which man evolved, for example, by smoking, overeating or sedentary living.
[T McKeown, The Role of Medicine: Dream, Mirage, or Nemesis? Nuffield 1976]
Disease prevention
· Huang Ti (The Yellow Emperor) [2697-2597 BCE]. “Hence the sages did not treat those who were already ill, they instructed those who were not yet ill…” To administer medicines to diseases which have already developed…is comparable to the behaviour of those persons who begin to dig a well after they have become thirsty, and of those who begin to cast weapons after they have already engaged in battle.” Nei Ching Su Wên, Bk I, Sect 2
· Hippocrates [460-377 B.C.]. “…I will prevent disease whenever I can, for prevention is preferable to cure….” The Hippocratic Oath, Modern Version
· Ch’in Yueh-jen [ca. 225 BCE].“The skilful doctor treats those who are well but the inferior doctor treats those who are ill.”
· Huai-nan Tzu (Liu An) [d. 122 BCE].“The good doctor pays constant attention to keeping people well so that there will be no sickness.”
· Thomas Adams [fl. 1612-1653]. “He is a better Physician that keepes diseases off us, than he that cures them being on us. Prevention is so much better than healing, because it saves the labour of being sick.” Works, “The Happinesse of the Church”
· Louis Pasteur [1822-1895]. “When meditating over a disease, I never think of finding a remedy for it, but, instead, a means of preventing it.” Address to the Fraternal Association of Former Students of the École Centrale des Arts et Manufactures, Paris, May 15 1884.
· Sir William Osler [1849-1919]. “To prevent disease, to relieve suffering and to heal the sick – that is our work.” Aequanimitas, with Other Addresses, “Chauvinism in Medicine”
· William J. Mayo [1861-1939]. “The aim of medicine is to prevent disease and prolong life, the ideal of medicine is to eliminate the need of a physician.” National Education Association: Proceedings and Addresses 66 1928 163
· Thomas, Lord Horder [1871-1955]. “Inevitably, the doctor’s work in the future will be more and more educational, and less and less curative. More and more will he deal with the physiology and psychology of his patient, less and less with his pathology. He will spend his time keeping the fit fit, rather than trying to make the unfit fit.”
· Haven Emerson [1874-1957]. “The social cost of sickness is incalculable. The prevention of disease is for the most part a matter of education, the cost is moderate, the results certain and easily demonstrated.” The Social Cost of Sickness

· 埃纽斯迪赛姆斯·埃纽斯·埃夫诺里斯(拉丁语:Decimus Iunius Iuvenalis,英语常记为 Juvenal,生活于1~2世纪):“Mens sana in corpore sano”(一个健康的身体有一个健康的心态)。随着时间的推移,该短语已抽离原文原意,有了更多扩展意。它可以解释为只有一个健康的身体才能产生或保持健康的心态。其最普遍的用法是用来表述一个人的生活方式健康平衡。
· 普卢塔克(46-120):“每个有特点的人都应该被他人熟识,每一种身体特质都不应该被忽视。对于那些看不见也听不见的靠着肉体生存的人来说,若要选择从别人那里了解自己,它一定会选择他的医生”。 《掌故清谈录》是一本有关健康建议的书。
· 帕拉塞尔苏斯(1493-1541):“不让任何人成为他们自己,也不让任何人从属于他人。”(Alterius non sit qui suus esse potest.)(此句是帕拉塞尔苏斯许多木刻的座右铭,也是他很多著作的首页格言)。
· 弗兰西斯·培根爵士(1561-1626):养生有道,非医学底规律所能尽。一个人自己的观察,他对于何者有益何者有害于自己的知识,乃是最好的保健药品。
· 托马斯·杰弗逊(1743-1826):“对一个人来说,没有什么知识可以比了解自身的架构,他自身的部件,他们的功能和动作更能满足他的了”。(给Thomas Cooper的信,1814.10.7)
· 托马斯·卡莱尔(1795-1881) “人到病时方知健康——这是医生的格言”。
· 赫伯特·斯宾塞(1820-1903):保持健康是一种责任,但很少有人将其视作一种道德。
· 约翰·斯坦贝克(1902-1968):“医疗专家总是不自觉的被外行激怒。”《伊甸园之东》第54章。
· 威廉·奥斯勒爵士(1849-1919):我们肩负最崇高最高尚的使命,不仅仅在于治愈疾病而在于向人们普及养生之道”。《Aequanimitas, with Other Addresses》,“教与思”。
· 托马斯·马克温(1912-1988):健康需求很容易描述,那些足够幸运的幸免于严重先天性疾病或残疾的人,如果能够做到以下三点就能保持健康:他们必须饮食充足;必须受到保护免受诸多自然灾害,并且不能背离人类的基本生活行为,如不能吸烟、暴饮暴食或久坐不动的生活。T McKeown, 《药物的作用:梦、幻影或复仇》纳菲尔德。
· 黄帝(公元前2697-2597):“圣人不治已病治未病”,已病再用药的行为就犹如人渴了再去挖井,也如战争已打响,兵器才始铸。《素问·四气调神大论》
· 希波克拉底(公元前460-377):“无论何时只要有能力我都做好疾病预防,因为预防比治疗更胜一筹”。《希波克拉底誓言》,现代版本。
· 秦越人(扁鹊)(约公元前225):“良医治未病,庸医治已病”。
· 淮南子(刘安)(公元前122):“良医者,常治无病之病,故无病”。
· 托马斯·亚当斯(1612-1653):“治未病之医生优于治已病之医生,预防比治疗更重要,因为省略了生病受苦这一艰难过程。”The Happinesse of the Church
· 路易斯·巴斯德(1822-1895):“当思考一种疾病时,我从未想过找方法来治疗它,相反只会想如何预防它。”高等中央艺术创造学习联谊会上的致辞,巴黎,1884.5.15。
· 威廉·奥斯勒爵士(1849-1919):“预防疾病、减轻痛苦和治愈疾病就是我们的工作”。Aequanimitas, with Other Addresses,“医界的沙文主义”。
· 威廉·J·梅奥(1849-1919):“用药的目的在于预防疾病和延长生命,而理想用药的目的在于消除患者对医生的需求”。National Education Association: Proceedings and Addresses 66 1928 163
· 托马斯·霍德阁下(1871-1955):“不可避免的是,未来医生的工作将更多的是健康教育更少的治疗。医生更多的是处理病患的生理和心理问题,更少的解决病理问题。他们将花更多时间让健康的人更健康,而非让不健康的人健康”。
· 海文·爱默生(1874-1957):“治疗疾病的社会成本是难以估量的,而疾病预防主要在于健康知识的普及,此举成本适中,结果显而易见。” 《疾病的社会成本》(The Social Cost of Sickness)



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