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   SELF-CARE ‘HEALTH IN ALL POLICIES’

Section under development

Self-care may be substantially outside the reach of health and social systems, but many government policy decisions have a bearing on the practice. As a good illustration, the UN 2012 resolution A/RES/66/2 states in Article 36:

“Recognize that effective non-communicable disease prevention and control require leadership and multisectoral approaches for health at the government level, including, as appropriate, health in all policies and whole-of-government approaches across such sectors as health, education, energy, agriculture, sports, transport, communication, urban planning, environment, labour, employment, industry and trade, finance, and social and economic development;”

‘Health in all Policies’ and the ‘Social Determinants of Health’ are useful concepts championed by the WHO. Developing policy recommendations that encourage self-care would be very helpful in creating a positive self-care environment.

Policy recommendations also need to be developed for the roles and activities healthcare professionals and others need to adopt to encourage self-care.
The ISF is working with others to help devise self-care friendly policies.

自我保健将“健康融入政策”
发展中的部分
自我保健基本上是属于被排除在健康和社会医疗体制范畴外的部分,但很多政府政策决议中却体现了该内容。2012年联合国A/RES/66/2号决议中的第36条就是一个很好的例子:
 “确认有效预防和控制非传染性疾病需要政府一级发挥领导作用和采取多部门的卫生举措,包括在卫生、教育、能源、农业、体育、交通、通信、城市规划、环境、劳务、就业、工业和贸易、金融及社会和经济发展等部门的所有政策和整个政府举措中酌情融入卫生工作”
 “健康融入政策”和“健康的社会决定因素”都是世界卫生组织倡导的实用理念。制订鼓励自我保健的政策建议有益于构建一个积极的自我保健环境。
政策建议也需要考虑到医疗保健专业人士和其他相关人士将要发挥的作用和参与何种活动来鼓励自我保健。国际自我保健基金的使命就是与其他机构携手合作共同助力自我保健相关政策的制定。

 


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