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 Section under development.
Self-Care benefits everyone in the community. The following table illustrates the theoretical opportunities and challenges to the greater deployment of self-care from the perspective of different stakeholders.
      
    

The challenges notwithstanding, self-care has been called the next ‘megatrend’ and presents many opportunities for all the many stakeholders in health – individuals and their families, communities, governments, healthcare professionals, industry and others.
Patients
Research shows that patients and consumers who take a more active role in their health decisions will live healthier lives and be more satisfied with their health care and treatments results.
Pharmacists
In a self-care setting, the community pharmacist is no longer a mere supplier of medicines, but a team member involved in the provision of a growing range of healthcare products and services. This includes disease prevention, minor diagnostics, and the nonprescription products.
Doctors
In a survey undertaken in 1999 in the UK, 93.4% of GPs agreed that the key to reducing the number of consultations for minor illnesses is “to increase the patient’s confidence in their own ability to handle minor illness health problems”. This would allow them to dedicate more time to patients with more serious conditions.
The Healthcare System
A healthcare system which emphasizes self-care offers more ‘patient-centered’ and “disease-preventive” healthcare services, leading to improved public health standards. The accent is placed on collaborating with patients and families and providing them with the information and tools to practice self-care.
Policy recommendations also need to be developed for the roles and activities healthcare professionals and others need to adopt to encourage self-care.
The ISF is working with others to help understand self-care friendly policies and best practices.


利益相关者的角色

发展中的部分

自我保健惠及到了社会中的每一个人。下表说明了从不同利益相关者的角度来看自我保健带来的机会和挑战。
  
 
尽管面临诸多挑战,但自我保健仍然被称为是下一个“大趋势”,也将为健康产业中的各利益相关者包括个人、家庭、社区、政府、医疗专家、行业和其他相关者大量的机会。
病人
研究表明,越是采用积极态度做出健康决定的病人和消费者,就越是能生活得更健康,也越能对他们的健康保健和治疗结果满意。
药剂师
在自我保健的大环境中,社区药剂师的作用不再仅仅是提供药物,同样他们也应该是健康医疗产品和服务环节中的重要一员,包括疾病预防,小病诊断和开非处方药。
医生
1999年,英国的一项调查研究显示,93.4%的全科医生均认为,增加病人处理自身小病的信心是减少病患因小病进行咨询的关键。因为这样医生就能够花更多的时间去处理更加严重的疾病。
健康医疗体制
一个强调自我保健的医疗体制,能够为公众提供更多以“病患为中心”和“疾病预防”为主的医疗保健服务,从而有效提高公共健康水平。这也需要与病人和家庭相互配合,同时为他们提供相关信息和工具来帮助他们实践自我保健。
政策建议制定过程中,同样需要考虑到医疗专业人士和其他利益相关者对于鼓励自我保健所起到的作用。
目前国际自我保健基金正努力与其他机构携手助力自我保健相关政策的分析理解和最佳实践。

 
 

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